Learn about the origins of clip art images, their evolution and places to get them for your creative projects.
Nice and preferably informative images are a must-have of any creative project now. Be it a presentation, social media banner, custom greeting card or gift card, worksheet for a lesson, infographics or poster for a special occasion, preparing it, creators will look for clip art images that could illustrate their ideas and support their message with attractive visuals. But when you are in the lack of time and budget, finding free graphics, which would be both quality and diverse, can be a great challenge. Today we offer you to refresh the idea of clip art, dive a bit into its history and modern state, and check a bunch of clip art pictures in various design styles.
Let’s quickly refresh the definition. Clip art is the term from graphic arts which defines pre-made images that can be used as visuals for different media. In other words, it is a collection of pictures which may be integrated into a document, presentation, banner and other stuff that requires visuals.
Historically, the term “clip art” appeared much before than digital technologies and the Internet came on stage. The word originated from the wide-spread practices of cutting (clipping) out the images from printed stuff to use them again in other publishing projects. There even were special clip books with images ready to cut out for what people may need them for.
Until the computers got involved in desktop publishing, there was a process called “paste-up”: the images were cut out by hand from the source (let’s say a magazine, book, cards, picture book or something else) and then attached with an available type of adhesive material to the board of a scale size that a finished work should have. When text and art were attached, the process resulted in the completed camera-ready pages that were called mechanicals.
The technique also got extremely popular with those who were involved in the education process as teachers used it to create a variety of worksheets while students added life with images to their presentations and classroom projects.
Since the 1990s, both publishers and other creators stepped up from the paste-up process to desktop publishing when the page layout was made with special software.
Although clip art still exists in both printed and electronic forms, today most of it is created, used and distributed in an electronic form, with a great variety of file formats, styles, content themes, and licensing types. These days, the term usually means illustrations of different level of complexity, created by hand or graphic software.
Diversity of electronic clip art can be found in different file formats. Why is it important to know? It helps to choose the appropriate type of file with the resolutions and detail results which users may need for their creative goals.
There are two types of file formats for clip art images, bitmap (rasterized) and vector.
Bitmap usually refers to rectangular images built up of a grid of black and white or colored pixels, like a scanned photo, for examples. The images of this type have a quality limited by their resolution which is fixed when the file is completed. Due to such fixed resolution, in print, the image can provide a grainy or blurry outcome, or they get grainy when you try to scale them bigger than their actual resolution. The typical web-based file formats of bitmap images are GIF, JPEG, and PNG; less popular ones as for today are BMP, TGA, and TIFF. Clip art provided in this type of images is usually low-resolution and doesn’t work well at the perspective of scaling or application to good-quality print work.
Vector graphics are based on geometric modeling so, in contrast to bitmap, this type of image presents the set of points, curves, lines, and shapes. It allows users to scale it to any needed size with “resolution independence” without the loss of quality, with the picture that is always clear and sharp. The pitfall is that vector files are not so broadly supported with graphic software as bitmap images are. Anyway, the situation is improving with time: early electronic clip art witnessed the software limited to only decent line presentations, but for the recent decade or two, the tools allow for producing the high-level vector images. The common vector formats are WMF, EPS, but the most popular one is SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) supported by all major web browsers.
There are numerous zones of practical application for electronic clip art nowadays. The popular ones are:
The Icons8 library is now about 100K items of graphics, most of which can be used effectively not only as icons but also clip art pictures for all the purposes mentioned above. So, let’s review the examples from the packs that provide free graphics on a variety of topics in trendy design styles.
Lovely slide clip art in Clouds style
You can use all the royalty free clipart images from Icons8 Web App. Or download clip art via the desktop app which gives access to all the styles but also allows you to use all the graphics offline and easily drag-and-drop them to graphic editors.
The images are free for personal use and also free for commercial use, but we require linking to our web site. We distribute them under the license called Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported. In case you want to get all the library in a full variety of formats and sizes and without the need to put credits to us, consider buying a license: in addition, it also opens full access to big libraries of stock photos, vector illustrations, and music. All that stuff leaves no chance of boring projects or presentations: with the relevant images and sounds, creators can get their ideas stylish, bright and attractive without much time and effort.
Title illustration from Ouch, the library of free vectors
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